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The Effects of Student-Teacher Ethnoracial Matching on Exclusionary Discipline for Asian American, Black, and Latinx Students: Evidence From New York City

Although Black and Latinx students disproportionately face exclusionary school discipline, prior research finds that the likelihood of suspension for Black students decreases when they are taught by greater proportions of Black teachers. Little prior work, however, has examined whether these effects generalize to large, diverse, urban school districts or to Asian American or Latinx students and teachers. Using student fixed effects models and 10 years of data from New York City, we find that assignment to greater proportions of ethnoracially matched teachers decreases the likelihood of suspension for Black, Latinx, and Asian American students. The magnitudes of these effects are small but suggest that diversifying the teacher workforce could lead to significant decreases in exclusionary discipline in urban districts.

Keywords
Discipline disparities, urban schools, student-teacher ethnoracial matching, teachers of color
Education level
Document Object Identifier (DOI)
10.26300/3jqw-5x05

EdWorkingPaper suggested citation:

Shirrell, Matthew, Travis J. Bristol, and Tolani A. Britton. (). The Effects of Student-Teacher Ethnoracial Matching on Exclusionary Discipline for Asian American, Black, and Latinx Students: Evidence From New York City. (EdWorkingPaper: 21-475). Retrieved from Annenberg Institute at Brown University: https://doi.org/10.26300/3jqw-5x05

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